13 Natural Home Remedies for Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common clinical bacterial issue in women, accounting for 25% of all infections. Over 50% of women will develop UTI symptoms in their lifetime. UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urethra, which is shorter than the male urethra, making it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder. The female urethra’s shorter distance also makes it more susceptible to infection.

Tiny organisms like fungi, viruses, and bacteria cause urinary tract infections (UTIs). Most UTI cases are caused by E. coli, which lives in the urethra, bladder, and kidneys.  

Symptoms include pain, burning sensations, frequent urges, muscle aches, abdominal pain, fatigue, and cloudy urine.

Risk factors include sexual intercourse, spermicide use, diaphragm use, catheter use, pregnant women, and postmenopausal women. 

Antibiotics are the most common treatment, making bacteria-resistant and recurring infections a major concern. 

There are several natural ways to manage infections and reduce the risk of recurrence. 

1. Drink plenty of fluids

Dehydration increases the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Regular urination helps prevent infections by flushing bacteria from the tract. 

A 2019 study found that increasing fluid intake can decrease UTIs requiring antibiotics by 58%. Drink water throughout the day and always when thirsty to stay hydrated and meet fluid needs. Drinking more fluids helps remove bacteria from the urinary tract, making it a healthier option for those prone to UTIs.(1)

2. Take probiotics

Probiotics are beneficial microorganisms found in food or supplements that promote a healthy balance of gut bacteria. 

They can be found in fermented foods like kefir, kimchi, kombucha, and probiotic yogurt. Consuming probiotics has been linked to improved digestive health and immune function. Studies have shown that certain probiotics may reduce the risk of UTIs using oral and vaginal administration and different strains.

Probiotics can help restore gut bacteria after antibiotic treatment, increasing good gut bacteria levels and reducing side effects. However, probiotics may not be suitable for everyone, so it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional about the appropriateness of probiotics and strains. (2)


3. Increase your vitamin C consumption 

Vitamin C increases urine acidity, inhibits E. coli development, and improves immunological function. Researchers discovered that taking vitamin C for three months helped prevent urine infections, increasing the health of pregnant women. 

Increasing consumption by eating vitamin C-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables is recommended. One serving of red peppers, oranges, grapefruit, and kiwifruit contains the recommended daily vitamin C dose. Supplements may be unnecessary if you get enough vitamin C from your food. (3)


4. Cranberry

Some studies suggest that cranberry juice may reduce the number of UTIs a person acquires over a year, particularly in women with recurrent UTIs. Although there is minimal or conflicting information about the potential of cranberries to address UTI symptoms, there is evidence that cranberries can be utilized as a prophylactic strategy. Animal studies demonstrate that cranberry products prevent the growth and colonization of infection-causing bacteria, such as E. coli, the most frequent bacteria found in urinary tract infections. (4)


5. Maintain good hygiene practices.

UTI prevention entails practicing healthy toilet and hygiene routines. 

Avoid retaining your pee for too long since this might cause bacterial accumulation. Peeing after intercourse reduces the incidence of UTIs. When using the toilet, especially for females, wipe front to back to prevent bacteria from spreading to the urinary tract. Regularizing and wiping with care can also help to lower the incidence of UTIs.

6. Garlic 

Allicin, one of the active ingredients in freshly crushed raw garlic, has several antibacterial properties. Allicin has been shown to have antibacterial activity against various bacteria, including multidrug-resistant forms of E. coli. Garlic also has antifungal properties, particularly against the yeast Candida albicans. (6)


7. Add D-mannose to your diet

D-mannose, a sugar found in cranberries and other fruit, has been found to prevent harmful bacteria from adhering to the urinary tract’s wall. According to research, it helps treat UTIs and reduce recurrence. 

Increase your diet of blueberries, cranberries, apples, peaches, oranges, broccoli, and green beans to boost D-mannose effectiveness, or consider taking a D-mannose supplement. (7)


8. Urinate Frequently

Urinating frequently and as needed prevents bacteria from developing in urine that remains in the bladder. Urinate immediately after sexual contact to wash out bacteria that may have entered the urethra. According to research, retaining urine for an extended time increases bacteria within the urinary tract, resulting in a urinary tract infection. (8)

9. Maintain a Clean and Dry Environment

Women should wipe from front to back, especially after using the restroom. This prevents the entry of bacteria into the urethra. 

Wear loose-fitting clothing and underwear to allow air circulation and maintain a sterile urethra. Moisture can be trapped when wearing tight jeans or materials like nylon, allowing bacteria to flourish.

10. Do Not Use Spermicides

Spermicides can irritate the skin and cause bacteria to develop. Unlubricated condoms can also irritate, so choose lubricated condoms free of spermicides. According to a 1996 prospective study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the prevalence of UTI is high among sexually active young women, and the risk is strongly and independently related to recent sexual intercourse and recent use of a diaphragm containing spermicide. (10)

11. Myrrh Oil 

Human and animal research shows that myrrh oil possesses antibacterial, antifungal, and antiparasitic effects. It has traditionally been used to treat wounds and prevent infections. It can be massaged into the skin or administered topically with a warm or cool compress. When using myrrh internally, use caution; choose a pure, high-quality product and do it under the supervision of your healthcare provider.


12. Oil of Oregano

According to a 2012 study, oregano oil has antibacterial action against all clinical strains tested and inhibits the growth of E. coli, the most frequent bacteria in urinary tract infections (UTIs). Because of its non-antibiotic resistance and lack of adverse side effects, the benefits of oregano oil may outweigh those of prescription antibiotics. To use oregano oil, mix it with water or coconut oil. Take oregano oil for no more than two weeks at a time, and only under the supervision of your health care professional.


13. Clove oil.

In the study published in the journal Phytotherapy, clove oil has been found to possess antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. One additional advantage of clove oil is its anti-inflammatory characteristics, which render it effective in pain relief and facilitation of the healing process. The internal consumption of clove for two weeks is a viable option; nonetheless, seeking guidance from a healthcare professional or nutritionist is advisable. (13)



UTIs are caused by small organisms like fungi, viruses, and bacteria, causing pain, muscle aches, cloudy urine, and abdominal pain. Risk groups include sexually active women, pregnant or postmenopausal women, catheter users, and those with suppressed immune systems. Home remedies include cranberries, raw garlic, probiotics, vitamin C, D-mannose, oregano, clove, and myrrh essential oils. To prevent UTIs, you should maintain toilet habits like thorough cleaning and wearing loose-fitting clothing.

15 Natural Home Remedies for Cough.

Coughs are a common reason for seeking medical attention, with 40% of cases requiring referrals to a pulmonologist. Coughs are normal and can help clear irritants from the throat. Coughing is a natural reflex that clears the airways of irritants such as mucus, smoke, and other particles, allowing unobstructed breathing. It is a defense mechanism the body uses to protect the lungs from inflammation and infections.

Respiratory infections frequently cause acute coughs that last less than three weeks, while chronic coughs last more than eight weeks. Chronic coughs last more than eight weeks and are usually caused by underlying medical conditions such as postnasal drip from sinus infections, allergies, asthma, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis, and GARDD. 

Coughs can have a variety of sounds and sensations depending on the cause. Dry coughs occur when you cough without any mucus or phlegm in your airways and are frequently caused by respiratory infections, asthma, or irritant exposure. Wet coughs occur when mucus and fluid secretions accumulate in your windpipe and lungs, causing you to cough to expel bodily fluids.

Home remedies for cough are a cost-effective and convenient option for those seeking a holistic approach to their health.  

Here are 15 Natural Home Remedies for Cough.

1 Honey

Honey is a traditional sore throat remedy, and a 2018 study found that it may relieve coughs more effectively than over-the-counter medications such as diphenhydramine and salbutamol. It was, however, no more effective than dextromethorphan, an over-the-counter cough suppressant. To make a home remedy, combine two teaspoons of honey with herbal tea or warm water and lemon, which soothes the throat and relieves congestion. As a snack, honey can be eaten or spread on bread. Due to the risk of botulism, it is critical to avoid feeding honey to infants under the age of 12 months. 

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2. Breathe in steam  

team can help relieve wet cough symptoms by supplying mucus or phlegm. To accomplish this, take a hot shower or bath and fill the bathroom with steam. Stay in the steam for a few minutes until your symptoms have subsided, then drink some water to cool down. Alternatively, make a steam bath by filling a large bowl with hot water, adding herbs or essential oils, and covering your head with a towel. For 10-15 minutes, inhale the steam. Steaming can be beneficial once or twice per day. However, not all evidence supports this claim, as a 2017 study found that steam did not improve common cold symptoms significantly.  

3 Humidifier

Inhaling humidified air, whether cold or warm, has been shown to help with cough relief because it aids in the drainage of congested airways. This is especially beneficial for children who cough all night and require relief to sleep.


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4 Probiotics 

Probiotics provide various health benefits, including gastrointestinal flora balance and immune system support. A 2015 study found that probiotics reduced upper respiratory infections, but the evidence is inconclusive. Yogurt, miso soup, and kombucha all contain probiotics. Consult your doctor to determine the best probiotic for your condition and lifestyle. Fermented foods like yogurt, kefir, kombucha, and tempeh kimchi are the most natural source of probiotics.

5 Gargle with saltwater

Saltwater gargles have been used for years to relieve sore throat and common cold symptoms but may not reduce viral load. A 2021 study compared antiseptic mouthwashes to prevent the spread of COVID-19, discovering that commercial brands helped reduce viral load but that a lab-made saltwater solution did not effectively kill the virus. To make a saltwater gargle, dissolve 1/2 teaspoon of salt in warm water, allow it to cool, and gargle several times daily until the cough improves. Saltwater gargles should be avoided by young children and those with high blood pressure.  

6 Bromelain 

Pineapple contains bromelain and may help suppress coughs due to enzymes found in its stem and fruit. You can benefit most by eating a slice of pineapple or drinking 3.5 ounces of fresh juice thrice daily. There is insufficient evidence to support the claim that pineapple can help relieve sinusitis and allergy-related sinus issues. Bromelain supplements should not be taken by children or adults taking blood thinners or by people taking antibiotics such as amoxicillin. Consult a doctor before beginning any new supplements, especially if you are already taking medications or supplements.  

7 Peppermint

Peppermint leaves are known for their medicinal properties and can be found in various foods and beverages. Menthol in Peppermint oil can help with cold symptoms and coughing. Inhaling vapors from a steam treatment or drinking peppermint tea can also provide relief. To make a steam treatment, combine boiled water with 7-8 drops of peppermint essential oil, drape a towel over your head, and take deep breaths above the water. 

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8 The root of the marshmallow 

The marshmallow plant, Althaea officinalis, has been used for centuries to treat sore throats and suppress coughs. According to a 2020 study, the plant’s anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and mucilage can help reduce coughs. Marshmallow root is now available in tea and capsule form, soothing relief for sore throats. Although marshmallow roots and leaves are generally safe, doctors do not recommend them for children.

9 Vitamin C

Because of its immune system support and white blood cell boost, vitamin C, an antioxidant, can be used as a home remedy for cough. According to Norwegian research, vitamin C can reduce cough and wheezing in smokers with high oxidative stress. It may also help alleviate or prevent bacterial and viral infections, shorten cold durations, and be used as a natural remedy for pneumonia. Take 1,000 milligrams 3-4 times daily to support the immune system and relieve cough symptoms. 

10 Thyme 

Thyme is used to treat respiratory illnesses, and a 2021 randomized controlled trial discovered that thyme and ivy herbal extract reduced acute cough and severity without causing any adverse side effects. Flavonoids in thyme leaves relax the throat muscles and reduce inflammation. Stepping crushed thyme leaves in boiling water for 10 minutes before straining, make thyme tea. 

11 Ginger

Ginger, an anti-inflammatory herb, has been used for centuries in traditional Asian medicine. Ginger tea is a popular traditional remedy for nausea, stomach upset, and coughing due to its ability to break up phlegm. It can reduce throat irritation, dryness, and mucus. However, too much ginger can cause throat irritation, abdominal discomfort, and heartburn. To make ginger tea, slice a 1-inch segment of fresh ginger root and boil it in 1 cup water for 10-15 minutes. 

12 Massage 

Massage therapy is a medication-free home remedy for coughing in asthmatic children. Massage therapy has a substantial beneficial effect on children’s coughs. According to a systematic review and meta-analysis published in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, it improves pulmonary function by opening airways and facilitating airflow to and from the lungs.  

13 Percussion 

Another effective home remedy for cough is percussion, which involves clapping the chest wall over the mucus-filled lung. Cupping the hand with a firm, steady beat helps to loosen and shake the mucus, making it easier to expel. This method can also be applied to the back. Both ways have the potential to improve children’s health and immune systems. 

14 Essential Oils 

Because of their antibacterial and antiviral properties, essential oils are effective cough remedies at home. With cineole, eucalyptus oil has antiseptic properties and acts as an expectorant. It causes blood vessels to dilate, allowing more oxygen to enter the lungs. Peppermint oil is refreshing and can be diffused or applied topically. Lemon essential oil aids in detoxification and infection prevention. Essential Oils can be diffused, mixed with equal parts carrier oil, and applied to the chest, back, or neck.

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Essential Oils

15 Honey, Onion, & Garlic Syrup

Honey, garlic, and onion are naturally antimicrobial and demulcent. To make a cough syrup, combine ½ cup of honey with ½ cup of water, one whole chopped onion, one garlic clove, and a dash of sage, oregano, or thyme. Steep overnight, strain, and store in the refrigerator for a few days.

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