Dill (Anethum Graveolens): Health Benefits, Uses, and Side Effects

Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a green, leafy vegetable with medicinal and culinary uses. It is native to the Mediterranean and southern Russia but can be grown worldwide, including in North America. It has powerful digestive, anti-microbial, anti-flatulent, and cardiotonic properties and has been used as an Ayurvedic remedy for treating health and skin conditions for centuries. 

Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a weed used for centuries for culinary and medicinal purposes. It contains nutrients like monoterpenes, flavonoids, minerals, and amino acids. It can be grown in warm to hot summers with plenty of sunlight, and you can use it as a garnish or ingredient in various dishes. In addition, it can treat gastrointestinal disorders, kidney disease, appetite loss, flatulence, fever, a cold, cough, and bronchitis.

Dill Nutrition Facts 

Dill’s organic compounds, vitamins, and minerals may benefit your health. Some of them are flavonoids like vicenin and kaempferol and strong monoterpenes like limonene, carvone, and nitrofuran. Also, the USDA National Nutrient Database says that it may have a lot of vitamins A and C and small amounts of folate, iron, and manganese.

Benefits and Uses of Dill:  

Dill has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, making it helpful in treating infections and reducing inflammation in the body. It is also high in antioxidants, which help protect the body from free radical damage.

Health Benefits of Dill

1. Antioxidant Properties: 

Antioxidant protects the body from free radicals, which can cause long-term diseases like cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s. People can lower their chances of getting these diseases by eating foods like Dill, which are highly antioxidants. 

2. Improved Digestion

The anti-flatulent properties of dill leaves help to reduce bloating, gas, and abdominal distension. Also, fiber helps keep the peristaltic motion going, and antacid properties stop the stomach from making too much acid. As a result, it helps treat indigestion, ulcers, and gastritis, making it easier for the body to absorb nutrients. In addition, Dill can help treat diarrhea because it kills bacteria and helps the body digest food.

3. Anti-Inflammatory Properties:  

Dill has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and pain-relieving properties that can help reduce inflammation and swelling. As a result, it makes a good herb for treating arthritis and asthma. It can also help with rheumatoid arthritis, which develops due to a Vata dosha imbalance and a buildup of joint fluid. 

4. Potential Cancer Prevention

The dill plant effectively prevents some cancers, such as lung, breast, and colon cancer. Studies also show that it helps eliminate compounds that can cause cancer. Monoterpenes, a class of chemicals, are what provide these advantages.

5. Insect Repellent

Research published in the Journal of Food Protection shows that dill weed can keep bugs away. Twenty plant-based oils were tested for their ability to kill insects, and dill oil worked the best. Melaleuca, lemon-scented tea tree oils, neroli, bernard, citrus, mugwort, or common wormwood were also good at keeping bugs away. Based on these results, dill oil could help keep insects and mites away from the stored grain.

6. Eases Respiratory 

Dill (Anethum graveolens) has been used for a long time to help people with breathing problems because it has potent anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anti-asthmatic properties. It can help treat symptoms of the common cold, sore throat, cough, and flu. It can also thin and loosen sputum particles and relieve a dry cough, asthma, and other bronchial conditions. 

Kaempferol, found in Dill, may help clear stuffy airways caused by histamine, allergies, or coughs. Research shows that it reduces the amount of mucus in the lungs and nose and makes it easier to breathe.

7. Regulates Diabetes:

Studies have shown that Dill can help manage diabetes and keep people from getting type 2 diabetes. In addition to being advantageous for diabetics, dill pairs well with fish and eggs, foods they can eat. Eugenol is a bioactive compound found in dill leaves. It is a powerful anti-diabetic needed to lower blood sugar levels. Additionally, Dill may help people with diabetes whose corticosteroid-induced changes in serum lipids and insulin levels. 

One study published in the journal Phytotherapy Research found that when lab rats with type 2 diabetes caused by corticosteroids were given dill extract for 22 days, their serum glucose and insulin levels may have decreased.

8. Boosts Immunity 

Antioxidants and bioactive parts in dill leaves boost the immune system, kill microbes, and keep the body from getting sick. They also fight bacteria, viruses, and fungi well, essential for preventing many diseases. Also, using this herb regularly may help prevent microbial infections.”

9. Prevents Infections 

Dill leaves have been used for a long time to fight germs and keep the body from getting sick. Research shows they are highly antioxidant and have antibacterial properties that help heal wounds, treat coughs and colds, reduce frailty, weakness, and fatigue, and improve overall vitality. 

10. It Might Help Maintain Bone Health

Dill has a lot of calcium, which is vital for healthy bones and for avoiding painful diseases like osteoporosis. Millions of people get osteoporosis every year, so this is important. Also, calcium is essential for bone growth, repair, and development.

11. Helps Reduce Depression

Dill weed is a natural treatment for depression, and a study published in the American Journal of Therapeutics found that, when compared to drug references, it had a significant antidepressant and pain-relieving effect. It also had no harmful effects, and a study on phytonutrients found that polyphenols, flavonoids, and tannins were all good for you.

Culinary Uses of Dill (Anethum graveolens)

In both European and Asian cooking, dill leaves are used to add flavor and nutrients to foods. For example, they can add flavor to green salads, soups, sauces, spicy dishes, and pickled foods.

  1. Flavouring Seafood
  2. Adding to Salads
  3. Enhancing Soup and Stews
  4. Flavoring Butter

Dill is often used to flavor foods and drinks at home and in the food industry. Its seeds and leaves add flavor and seasoning to salads, dips, pickled vegetables, seafood dishes, soups, sour cream, meats, sauces, and cream cheese. In addition, essential oil from dill leaves and seeds adds flavor to candies, pickles, chewing gums, etc.

Side Effects

Even though dill leaves are good for you in many ways, eating too many can cause allergic reactions like diarrhea, vomiting, mouth itching, urticaria, a swollen tongue, and a swollen throat. During pregnancy, it is best not to use Dill. If you put dill leaves or paste on your skin, your skin may become more sensitive to sunlight. In addition, people with diabetes who take lithium shouldn’t eat Dill, and people about to have surgery should stay away for two weeks.


Dill has been shown to help people with diabetes control their condition and keep them from getting type 2 diabetes. Eugenol, a bioactive compound found in dill leaves, is an anti-diabetic solid with anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anti-asthmatic properties. Kaempferol, located in Dill, may help clear stuffy airways caused by histamine, allergies, or coughs. 


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